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All Things Considered — How the Internet of Things Changes Things

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Dr. Joseph Reger, Chief Technology Officer, International Business, Fujitsu spoke about the main trends which will impact our lives and businesses.

What are the technology trends that are going to affect our lives and businesses in the next few years? Most people would talk about big data, social, mobile and cloud. Cloud is now maturing and needs to be integrated. Big Data is not mature. This year we will talk about the Internet of Things (IoT) and in the coming 2 or 3 years IoT will touch our lives and businesses.

The internet has lots of people and devices generating and consuming information. The IoT operates in exactly the same way as the internet but without the people, and with an IP address to exchange information.
Today the internet is dominated by ‘things’, people are not that important. The number of things today is estimated at 10 billion. The amount of data is rising exponentially. By 2020 there will be 50 billion devices on the internet and the market size will be huge. The IoT keeps generating things all the time. This ties strongly into Big Data and the Cloud. Everything will be a part of the internet. Everything can have an IP address, even a light bulb. The light bulb on the internet never sleeps — an internet light bulb is always on even when it’s off.

If it has an address, and there are 7 or 8 billion light bulbs, then there is a problem. IPv4 can only provide 4.3 billion addresses which is not enough. IPv6 can provide us 340 trillion trillion trillion addresses. But how can you migrate?

If the migration is painful, customers need help. We have a stateless tunneling through the old internet as part of a solution which can share up to 65000 addresses from one IP v4.

On the IoT every device has its own proprietary protocol going through umpteen gateways. That’s not good, because what we want is to control the light bulb from the smartphone. We need smart applications that handle the management of light bulbs. Once that happens everything becomes much easier. Machine 2 machine (M2M) protocols are not identical with the IoT but in the future they will be more and more standardized. Right now M2M is only a subset of the IoT, but in the future M2M will catch up and generate more and more data. Very big data.

This brings a lot security challenges. People can read all the light switching patterns in your house, but the really big danger comes from attacks. One vulnerability is replicated across billions of things. Now, all the light bulbs are an army attacking you.

Why would you want a light bulb? It requires zero installation and uses the same infrastructure as the rest of your house. It talks to the light bulbs in your house and checks their own status. If you walk into a home improvement store, you get a message on your smartphone telling you to buy some new bulbs.

Imagine an intelligent baby mat which sends you a warning if something is wrong. It has sensors monitoring the baby. Your toothbrush can have a sensor telling you how to brush properly, and if necessary it can book a dentist appointment. What is the right time to harvest farmland? What if your car automatically drives in an optimally efficient way? What if we have sensors at the bottom of the ocean telling us when the next tsunami is coming? What about smart medicine? They release the medicine where it’s needed in the right amounts. What about energy saving in buildings? The big data analysis can be used to build a better world. The infrastructures of the analog world now merge with the IoT. There is no unplanned downtime and much higher efficiency. If we can shave off 1% inefficiency in the analog world we could save 15 trillion USD!

How do we find our way through this new IoT trend ? All the areas, people and processes are described in the Fujitsu Technology and Service Vision.

Glen Koskela

CTO End User Services and Devices

There are all sorts of connected devices. They enable transactions and generate information remotely. The smart devices will act as gateways. The smart devices behave as an IoT device themselves and everything will happen in a known and sensed context.

What opportunities does this create?

The sensors will know your mood and the light bulb will adjust to it. The medical pills effects can be studied to provide data about how to treat a disease. What is Fujitsu working on? A context aware desktop. You get the type of apps you need only for a given meeting, but when you come back to your desk you get all your normal apps back. So, it’s all very context driven.  In the exhibition reality we have an augmented reality walking stick.

Dr. Alex Bazin

CTO Application Services

We’re focusing on all the data coming in. How can it be turned into useful information for people and businesses? Context aware apps really deliver the value. Customers generate vast amounts of data and Fujitsu can help them monetize that data, e.g. logistics companies offering traffic information. Right now, Fujitsu has:

  • Mobile initiative: delivering quickly and cheaply apps with the data
  • “Runmyprocess” allows you to connect different systems into a process that can deliver value to an end-user
  • Healthcare: if you’ve got a chronic medical condition it’s important to get useful medical data to the patient and doctor. Fujitsu’s SPROUT application can monitor patients in their home and feed the information to the patient and the doctor.

 

Bernd Henning

CTO Platforms & Infrastructure Solutions

We’re moving from an analog to a digital and connected world. We need a robust and efficient platform to help us in this change. We see the opportunity for easy and quick access to the data in a secure way. It’s about using a predefined and available access which gives us quick access. Fujitsu has a lot of experience in this area.

We have a Fujitsu M2M cloud to deliver a flexible and scalable platform. We have an optimized version of SPATIOWL to deal with electromobility, which helps us get closed to a smart city. We’re making towards a PaaS layer for the IoT.

Dieter Kasper

CTO Data Center Infrastructure

All the essential work happens in the data center. Data centers do not have to be reinvented and customers can start with IoT projects right away but the infrastructure does have to be updated. To improve hardware infrastructure, we will introduce a new Intel optical interconnect technology called Silicon Photonics. This will foster and intensify parallel technology and this will generate much more data.

Kozo Otsuka

Director of Technology Transfer

The following solutions are currently in laboratories, but Fujitsu is working on bringing them to the market.

How to build and keep trust in M2M communications?

The use of the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) has become a standard.

The TrustCube® Concept established a trustful relationship for machines to communicate to each other and uses the TPM to establish how they communicate to each other.

What if the number of sensors in a network becomes very large?

Sensors need to communicate autonomously with each other. Such a network though needs to be robust. To ensure the robustness Fujitsu has developed WisReed and scales up to 10,000 nodes per gateway.

Fujitsu Laboratories has developed a human movement visualization system via cameras. It includes a person’s identification without recording a person’s personal detail and uses a 3D laser range sensor.  It could be used in, say, retail or collision avoidance scenarios.

Fujitsu’s Human Centric Intelligent Society is more than just the IoT.

The IoT is mankind’s next step in the quest for efficiency and sustainability. The Human Centric Intelligent Society is the IoT done right, i.e. for the people.

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1 Comment

  • avatar image
    Turgut Haspolat
    November 7, 2013

    It’s also the mentioned “light bulb” can be used for data transmission called “Li-Fi”. The term was first used in this context by Harald Haas in his TED Global talk on Wireless data from every light bulb, Filmed Jul 2011, http://www.ted.com/talks/harald_haas_wireless_data_from_every_light_bulb.html . This invention simply put can transmit large amount of data (video, photos, docs, internet) through a LED bulb. Haas had suggested that the applications and capacity for data would be limitless, ranging from using car headlights to transmit data, or employing line of sight light sources as data transmitters. Imagine using your car headlights to transmit data ... or surfing the web safely on a plane, tethered only by a line of sight. Li-Fi uses light to transfer data instead of radio waves. The way it work is pretty much like your old, old phone uses the IR port to transfer data, as any obstructions in between or even slightly misalignment will have the data transfer end up in a catastrophe. Li-Fi’s light beam is pulsates to represent data in binaries. The data beam are actually visible. I believe the innovations like this are our -albeit a bit- chance to prevent the irreversible loss to our planet.

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